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FOOTNOTES

CHAPTER I. EARLY INDIAN HISTORY

I-1 This was Dec. 8th, old style, that varies 11 days from the present mode of computing time. It would now be considered Dec. 19, 1620.

I-2 Heading arrows with brass showed that these Indians had been engaged in traffic with Europeans who not unfrequently visited this coast before the coming of the Pilgrims.

I-3 The place of that first encounter was in what became the town of Eastham, in Barnstable County, Mass.

I-4 Monhiggon is within the present limit of the State of Maine.

I-5 At that time John Carter was governor of the Plymouth settlers. He died in April, 1621, and in his office as governor was succeeded by William Bradford.

I-6 Perhaps the chief would have been less pleased with the speech had the interpreters enabled him to understand it better.

I-7 The Indians seem from the first to have loved strong drink which they called "fire water."

I-8 The writer of this book believes it possible, even now, to locate the spot where that conference between Capt. Dermer and the two Indian kings transpired.

I-9 So it seems that savages in heathen darkness, entirely destitute of the light of the gospel, could be kind, yea, generous; and the confidence reposed in them, by thus leaving the boat and corn under their keeping, shows that the Pilgrims expected they would prove true. Kind, generous and true, without the aid of christian missionaries!

I-10 Rev. Increase Mather was a son of Rev. Richard Mather, who came to Massachusetts in 1635 and died in 1699. Increase, the son, was settled in the ministry at Boston. He was a "doctor" of divinity, and the author of this work thinks that he needed to be, for his divinity was evidently sick. Increase Mather died in 1728. He was the father of Rev. Cotton Mather.

I-11 The bible speaks of those whose "tender mercies are cruel." Is it possible that this early New England divine was one of them?

I-12 Now called "Gardiner's Neck." It is in the town of Swansea.

I-13 This ferry must have been tended by Indians. A ferry on Taunton River, between what is now Freetown and Somerset, was tended by Indians in 1660, and some land on the Freetown side of the river reserved for the Indians that they might continue to be ferrymen.

I-14 These regiments, at their formation in 1636, were not named for the counties, but soon after came to be, and thus continued to be known for quite a long term of years.

I-15 Perhaps the numerical strength of the Concord company at that date did not entitle it, according to the custom of these times, to have a captain; as they soon after, if not then, had captains' companies, lieutenants' companies and ensigns' companies. The militia of each town constituted at least one company, and as some towns had more militiamen than others, these companies must needs vary considerably in strength. The largest companies had a captain, lieutenant and ensign; the next in size, a lieutenant and ensign, the smallest, only an ensign.

I-16 Sergeant Richard Church was born in or about 1608; emigrated to America in 1630; made a freeman of Plymouth Colony Oct. 4, 1632; united in marriage with Elizabeth, a daughter of Richard Warren, in 1636; was by trade a carpenter. The oldest son of Serg. Richard Church was Benjamin Church, born in 1639, the distinguished hero of King Philip's war, in which he served as a captain; served afterwards as major and also as colonel in several expeditions against the French and Indians in what is now the State of Maine, and died in Little Compton, Jan. 17, 1718.

I-17 Lieut. William Holmes was subsequently promoted to major, and died in 1649, leaving no children - (Winsor's History of Duxbury).

I-18 Lieut. Daniel Howe was one of the original members of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, of Boston. He joined in 1617, and at the first election of officers of that company, holden the 1st Monday of June, 1628, Robert Keayne was made Captain, Daniel Howe Lieutenant, and Joseph Weld Ensign. - (Hist. of Anc. and Hon. Art. Co.).

I-19 Capt. John Underhill was one of the original members of the A.H.A. Company, at Boston. He was an eccentric man, and generally went to excess in whatever he undertook. In religion, he was an enthusiast; in practice, a debauchee. He was a church member, and that body once arraigned him for his offences, one of the charges being that he dated his conversion from a time when he was smoking tobacco, those who "were wise unto salvation: deciding it should rather have been while he was listening to the preached word. He was sentenced to sit on the stool of repentance in church, with a white cap upon his head, and recompelled to make a public confession of his sins. He held no office in the A.H.A. Company. - (Hist. of Anc. and Hon. Art. Co.).

I-20 Richard Davenport joined the A.H.A. Company in 1640. A fortification for the defence of Boston Harbor, called Castle William, was rebuilt under the direction of Lieut. Richard Davenport. It was on the site of what is now called Fort Independence. He was the first regular commander of the castle, and was killed there by lightning, July 15, 1665, while sleeping in a room separated only by a thin board partition from the powder magazine; but the lightning was not communicated to the powder, nor did it do any material damage to the building. He held in the A.H.A. Company no higher office than that of sergeant. - (Hist. of Anc. and Hon. Art. Co.)

I-21 The Indian name for Bridgewater was Nunkatest, and also Satucket. The Indian name for Abington was Maramooskeagin.

I-22 The Indian names for different localities in ancient Dartmouth were as follows: - That still Dartmouth was Apponegansett; Fairhaven part was Scouticut; New Bedford, Accoosnet; Westport, Acoaxet.

I-23 It is a noticeable fact that the records of Plymouth Colony still show that its colonial court had the presumption to grant to certain of its inhabitants Indian lands that those inhabitants subsequently bought of the Indians. So it would seem that though the form of a sale appears, the sale was a forced one. The Indian might sell what he wished to retain, or have it taken away from him, and there was certainly no even-handed justice in that.

 

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